Children in the UK who may be considered to have Special Educational Needs may fall into the categories below. However, not every child with these conditions may be considered to have SEN. It depends on the ability of the child to access the curriculum without extra help.
- learning difficulties – in acquiring basic skills in school
- emotional and behavioural difficulties – making friends or relating to adults or behaving properly in school
- specific learning difficulty – with reading, writing, number work or understanding information
- sensory or physical needs – such as hearing or visual impairment, which might affect them in school
- communication problems – in expressing themselves or understanding what others are saying
- medical or health conditions – which may slow down a child’s progress and/or involves treatment that affects his or her education