Special Educational Needs (SEN) affects children all over the world and is something which schools and governments must come to terms with in order to meet children’s needs and act effectively. SEN in Ethiopia is a fairly new concept; however local governments are beginning to come to terms with the situation and how this affects the children in their communities. Because it is such a new concept, not all disabilities have been specifically classified and explained to the public.
Because the concept of SEN is much more established in the United Kingdom, this page provides you with a basic explanation of the most common disabilities that affect children today from English sources. Although defined by English standards, these special educational needs affect children all around the globe and we hope that a glimpse of some of these disabilities will demonstrate to you how vital it is to address these same issues abroad. Local Ethiopian governments are becoming much more involved in the standard of education given to its students and our organization hopes to raise awareness to the special educational needs that a significant group of these students struggle with today.
It is the policy of the Department for Education in England and Wales that:
All children and young people with special educational needs or disabilities (SEND) should be able to reach their full potential in school. They should also be supported to make a successful transition into adulthood, whether into employment, further or higher education or training.
The term ‘special educational needs’ is used to describe children who have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn or access education than most children of the same age. In Scotland, the term ‘additional support needs’ (ASN) is used.
Any extra support a child gets at school should be based on their individual needs. Having an assessment and getting a statement of SEN can help to make sure this happens.
It is estimated that there are around 25,000 children and young people up to the age of 16 in England and Wales with a visual impairment of sufficient severity to meet the definition of special educational needs, and who therefore require specialist educational support. As many as 50 per cent have additional disabilities, including those with very complex needs. Most are born with a visual impairment.